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Dimitry

A small thread about the Greco Italian War

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Today is the (second) national holiday in Greece, in which is celebrated the Greco Italian War of 1940. In October 28 the Metaxas regime rejected the Italian Ultimatum for what was basically annexation (hence the name of the holiday - "OXI", "NO" in Greek).

The war started when Italian troops crossed the Albanian border and attacked the extremely weak Greek garrison. The only reason the line didn't collapse was a huge wave of volunteers from nearby villages rushing to help the soldiers. 

"The war was greeted with great enthusiasm by the Greek population, in Athens crowds filled the streets with patriotic fervour, as newspapers hurried to publish their newest editions to stir up the people further. Men in Greece rushed to volunteer for the war effort, cramming into the back of trams to get to the recruiting offices. Morale amongst the troops was as high as it could get with a universal feeling that Greece must fight, with few entertaining the idea of failure. This enthusiasm was not shared by some of the political leadership, there was a sense that Greece would lose the war but needed to fight nonetheless, Metaxas stated in a letter to Winston Churchill that "The war we confront today is thus solely a war of honour" and that "The outcome of the world war will not be decided in the Balkans." 

The Italian offensive was stopped within 2 weeks. After completing the mobilization the Greek army started a series of counter offensives succeeding in pushing the Italians far inside the Albanian border by January. The Spring Offensive launched by the Italian army was the last attempt at breaking the stalemate that had occurred since February, and was a decisive defeat for them.

The German army annexed Yugoslavia and entered Bulgaria soon after. The Battle of Greece begun with Bulgarian-German troops hammering the Metaxas line - a line of heavy fortifications situated opposite of the Bulgarian border. It was at that point undermanned and underequiped as most supplies and manpower were sent to the Italian front. After 4 days of dealing enormous casualties to the German army it was bypassed by which point the Greek army capitulated to avoid further devastation. 

The Greek war effort would continue during the Battle of Crete where elements of Greek and Commonwealth forces tried to fend off a huge German paradrop mission - which ended with so heavy casualties for the Germans Hitler never commissioned another airborne Assault in the war and the Resistance, the 2nd biggest (and biggest by population) resistance movement in the whole of Europe. The remaining Greek army would play part in the war in Africa, the invasion of Sicily and the D-day landings. 

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On 10/28/2018 at 10:18 AM, Dimitry said:

Today is the (second) national holiday in Greece, in which is celebrated the Greco Italian War of 1940. In October 28 the Metaxas regime rejected the Italian Ultimatum for what was basically annexation (hence the name of the holiday - "OXI", "NO" in Greek).

The war started when Italian troops crossed the Albanian border and attacked the extremely weak Greek garrison. The only reason the line didn't collapse was a huge wave of volunteers from nearby villages rushing to help the soldiers. 

"The war was greeted with great enthusiasm by the Greek population, in Athens crowds filled the streets with patriotic fervour, as newspapers hurried to publish their newest editions to stir up the people further. Men in Greece rushed to volunteer for the war effort, cramming into the back of trams to get to the recruiting offices. Morale amongst the troops was as high as it could get with a universal feeling that Greece must fight, with few entertaining the idea of failure. This enthusiasm was not shared by some of the political leadership, there was a sense that Greece would lose the war but needed to fight nonetheless, Metaxas stated in a letter to Winston Churchill that "The war we confront today is thus solely a war of honour" and that "The outcome of the world war will not be decided in the Balkans." 

The Italian offensive was stopped within 2 weeks. After completing the mobilization the Greek army started a series of counter offensives succeeding in pushing the Italians far inside the Albanian border by January. The Spring Offensive launched by the Italian army was the last attempt at breaking the stalemate that had occurred since February, and was a decisive defeat for them.

The German army annexed Yugoslavia and entered Bulgaria soon after. The Battle of Greece begun with Bulgarian-German troops hammering the Metaxas line - a line of heavy fortifications situated opposite of the Bulgarian border. It was at that point undermanned and underequiped as most supplies and manpower were sent to the Italian front. After 4 days of dealing enormous casualties to the German army it was bypassed by which point the Greek army capitulated to avoid further devastation. 

The Greek war effort would continue during the Battle of Crete where elements of Greek and Commonwealth forces tried to fend off a huge German paradrop mission - which ended with so heavy casualties for the Germans Hitler never commissioned another airborne Assault in the war and the Resistance, the 2nd biggest (and biggest by population) resistance movement in the whole of Europe. The remaining Greek army would play part in the war in Africa, the invasion of Sicily and the D-day landings. 

in greek it is Dhmhtrhs (Δημητρης). Btw i am greek and your little article is nice

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